天山北坡经济带城镇化与资源环境系统的关系研究进展——基于文献计量分析
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第三次新疆综合科学考察项目(2021xjkk0905)


Research advances in the relationship between urbanization and resource-environment system of the Northern Slope Economic Belt of Tianshan Mountains
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the Third Xinjiang Scientific Expedition Program, Grant No.2021xjkk0905

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    摘要:

    天山北坡经济带长期面临城镇化进程与资源环境系统的系列问题,区域城镇化与资源环境系统的关系备受关注。运用文献计量分析工具对1995—2022年的相关中英文文献进行全面分析,并对天山北坡经济带城镇化与资源环境系统关系研究的几个重点问题进行评述。研究发现,中文研究整体关注城镇化背景下的生态环境问题与对策探讨,英文研究侧重气候变化背景下城镇化进程中的水土资源利用与驱动因素,而中英文均普遍关注城镇化过程中的水资源问题,且近期不断加强城镇化与资源环境系统的协调关系及影响因素研究。相关研究存在共识,认为天山北坡经济带的城镇化与资源环境系统存在互动互馈关系,资源环境系统对城镇化发展的约束效应具有倒U型趋势,城镇化发展对资源环境系统的影响效应呈现U型趋势,而当下二者的耦合协调水平总体偏低,应坚持走可持续发展、绿色发展与高质量发展的城镇化道路。未来研究可从区域多尺度空间嵌套关系、多源数据库构建、多元化方法创新、格局-过程-机理剖析等方面开展。

    Abstract:

    The Northern Slope Economic Belt of Tianshan Mountains has been faced with a series of problems with urbanization and resource-environment system for a long time. The relationship between regional urbanization and resource-environment system has attracted much attention. This paper carried out a comprehensive bibliometric analysis based on the relevant Chinese and English literature from 1995 to 2022, and made a literature review on several key issues in the research of the relationship between urbanization and resource-environment system in the Northern Slope Economic Belt of Tianshan Mountains. The results showed that the Chinese research focused on the ecological environment problems and relating countermeasures in the context of urbanization, while the English research payed attention to the use of water-land resources and its driving factors in the process of urbanization under the background of climate change. However, both the Chinese and English were generally concerned about the issues of water resources in the course of urbanization, and have continuously strengthened the research on the coordination between urbanization and resource-environment system and the influencing factors in recent years. There was a consensus in relevant research that the urbanization and resource-environment system of the Northern Slope Economic Belt of Tianshan Mountains had an interactive and mutual feedback relationship. Specifically, the binding effect of resource-environment system on urbanization had an inverted U-shaped trend, and the impact of urbanization on resource-environment system showed a U-shaped trend. The coupling and coordination level between the two was generally low at present. So it is necessary to adhere to the urbanization path of sustainable development, green development and high-quality development. Future research can be carried out from the aspects of multi-scale spatial nesting relationship, multi-source database construction, diversified method innovation and deep analysis of pattern-process-mechanism.

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王柯文,马海涛.天山北坡经济带城镇化与资源环境系统的关系研究进展——基于文献计量分析.生态学报,2023,43(18):7807~7819

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