Key Laboratory for geographical process analysis and simulation, Central China Normal University
The National Natural Science Foundation of China (General Program)；Research Foundation of Education Bureau of Hunan Province, China
基于web of science和中国知网数据库，运用CiteSpace知识图谱可视化方法，分析国内外生态风险评价的研究进展。结果表明：（1）1990-2020年国内外生态风险评价研究文献数量均快速增长，相对而言国内文献数量增长更快；（2）国内外文献作者及研究机构之间基本形成合作网络体系，中国科学院的发文量在国际位于领先地位；（3）关键词和关键词聚类可视化分析表明生态风险评价研究长期聚焦在水环境、重金属、有机化合物污染影响；（4）国内外研究重点重合度高、同步性强，均从水环境为主向水土环境与城市环境并重转变、向源解析和风险管理研究延申，但相较之下，国内研究对风险源、质量标准研究更为重视，国外研究与生物学联系更为紧密、对于国际性话题的研究关注也更多。对当前国内生态风险评价研究的启示包括：增强研究对象多元化和国际化，检验更新各类质量标准，构建相对统一的生态风险评价框架和指标体系，科学评估区域持续发展水平和绿色发展潜力。
Based on the literature data from web of science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure this paper uses CiteSpace software to analyze the research progress of ecological risk assessment. The results show that: (1) the number of ecological risk assessment paper have been increasing since 1990, while the domestic publications’ growth rate was faster than that of foreign ones. (2) The scientific research cooperation between literature scholars and research institutions have basically formed a cooperative network system. The Chinese Academy of Sciences had a leading position in the world in terms of publication volume. (3) The analysis of keywords and keyword clustering shows that ERA had long-term focusing points on aquatic environment, heavy metals and organic contaminant. (4) The focus of research at home and abroad was high coincidence and synchronization. Both domestic and foreign researches have shifted from water environment to soil and water environment and urban environment, and extended to source analysis and risk management. However, the domestic research pays more attention to the study of risk sources and quality criterion, while foreign researches are more closely related to biology, and pay more attention to international topics. Inspired by the above, domestic ecological risk assessment research needs to pay attention to: enhance the diversification and internationalization of research objects, test and update all kinds of quality criterion, build a relatively unified ecological risk assessment framework and indicator system, and scientifically evaluate the sustainable development level and green development potential of the region.
余欣,余瑞林,邓伟平.基于citespace的生态风险评价研究进展与启示.生态学报,,(). http://dx. doi. org/[doi]复制