基于无人机影像的阿拉善东南部荒漠灌丛植被空间格局研究
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中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院

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国家自然科学基金(41771101);中国科学院“一带一路”生态水文学团队项目(Y929731)


Spatial pattern of shrub in southeast Alxa desert based on high resolution unmanned aerial vehicle images
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Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences

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    摘要:

    干旱区灌丛植被空间格局受多种物理和生态过程影响,能够指示生态系统的状态。本文通过量化灌丛斑块大小的空间分布来评估阿拉善高原东南部覆沙荒漠植被生态系统的状态,采用点格局分析法分析灌木种群的相互关系,以阐明不同灌木种在斑块格局形成中的作用,并结合土壤条件及下垫面粗糙度等指标验证评估的准确性,探讨灌丛空间格局差异的内在机理。结果表明,研究区样方2灌丛斑块大小符合截尾幂律分布,其他样方符合对数正态分布,前者的空间结构及生境条件均优于后者,说明植被空间格局可以准确表征生态系统状态。在局地尺度上灌木种内和种间呈现不同的相互关系,以竞争关系为主导是导致斑块破碎化的主要驱动机制。小灌木(如猫头刺)的种内互利关系有利于促进多样化斑块形态的形成,而大灌木(如沙冬青和蒙古扁桃)种间的互利作用则有利于形成异质性更强的复杂空间格局。基于灌丛斑块的空间格局评估生态系统状态,可为保护和恢复生态脆弱区受损植被提供重要的借鉴。

    Abstract:

    The vegetation spatial pattern in drylands, which is dictated by various physical and ecological processes, could be interpreted as an indicator of the ecosystem states. According to statistical analysis of shrub patch size distribution, we estimate the ecosystem states of desert vegetation in southeast of Alxa Plateau. The interactions among shrub populations were shown by point pattern analysis, to illustrate that different species might act as various ingredients in patchiness. Soil properties and roughness of underlying surface were surveyed to support the estimation. Ultimately, the internal mechanism of the differentiation of shrub spatial pattern was discussed. The result shows that, the truncated power law is the best fitting model for the patch sizes distribution in quadrat 2, while the lognormal distribution is the best for others. The assessment of ecosystem states is verified by the comparation of habitat conditions, which shows that quadrat 2 is better too. The interaction at small scales between shrubs varies with different species, competition dominated relationship is the main reason for the narrowing down of patch size distribution. The positive relationship within species of small patch size, such as Oxytropis aciphylla, is conducive to the formation of diversified patches, whereas species of large patch size with facilitation at small scales, such as Ammopiptanthus mongolicus and Amygdalus mongolica, give rise to a complex pattern. Sound management should consider to comprise assessment of ecosystem states through shrub spatial patterns, which will provide indications of conservation and restoration of vulnerable vegetation.

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程天亮,王新平,马雄忠,潘颜霞.基于无人机影像的阿拉善东南部荒漠灌丛植被空间格局研究.生态学报,,(). http://dx. doi. org/10.5846/stxb202109142585

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