基于文献计量分析的生态系统服务研究:从理论研究到实践应用
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国家自然科学基金面上项目(52078346)


Ecosystem Services Research: from theory to practical application
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    摘要:

    作为生态学理论应用于实践的有力工具与关键环节,生态系统服务一直是生态学、地理学等学科的研究热点;近些年,亦是自然资源管理、城乡规划设计等实践应用学科的研究前沿。因此,相关学科并驾齐驱,结合生态系统服务研究,不断丰富其涉猎领域,支撑决策者权衡利弊,促进社会与自然环境的可持续发展。然而,在从理论研究走向实践应用的研究链中,存在一些被忽视却值得回顾的问题,生态系统服务研究有没有与实践应用相结合,这种结合的程度如何。研究检索近十年间国内外发表的生态系统服务研究,建立"需求驱动-研究匹配-应用结合程度"的分析框架,通过文献计量和相关分析方法,从生态系统服务研究和实践应用之间结合的有效性这一视角分析国内外该领域进展、存在的不足及发展趋势。经筛选共获得文献122篇;分析发现,绝大部分的研究开篇自述受实践需求驱动,并表示他们的研究与应用相结合。这类结合多集中在自然资源管理、规划类应用,只有少数研究将生态系统服务应用于小尺度的工程,如生态恢复工程(10.7%)和设计(2.4%)。在研究匹配方面,尽管有些文献构建了特殊的指标和技术方法促使两者之间建立链接;但整体而言,生态系统服务研究对实践的影响有限,特别是在数据、技术方法和指标方面,缺少与实践之间明确的关联,存在研究缺口。最后,在促进生态系统服务研究与实践应用之间的有效链接上,提议一些途径,如创新与实践需求直接匹配的空间评估技术;研发与人们福利(如健康风险、财产损失)直接相关的指标和评估方法等,以拓展生态系统服务领域研究的广度与深度,更好地发挥生态系统服务的研究目标,服务于可持续发展的实践应用诉求。

    Abstract:

    As a powerful tool and key link in the application of ecological theory to practice, ecosystem service has been a hot topic of research in ecology, geography and other disciplines. In recent years, it has also been the research frontier of practical disciplines such as natural resource management, urban and rural planning and design. Therefore, many disciplines enlarge the integration of their fields with ecosystem service research in order to improve tradeoffs for decision-makers and promote the sustainable development of society and the natural environment. However, there are some neglected but worth review issues in the research chain from theoretical research to practical application: whether and to what extent ecosystem services research has been effectively combined with practical application. This paper established an analytical framework of demand driven - research matching - application integration. Through the bibliometric and correlation analysis methods and based on the analytical framework, this paper analyzed the progress of the global research literature in the recent decade to review the effectiveness of the combination between ecosystem service research and practical application. A total of 122 articles were obtained. Most of the research introduction said that their studies were driven by practical needs, and indicated that their studies combined with application. Such combination mostly focused on natural resource management and planning, and only a few studies applied ecosystem services research to small-scale projects, such as ecological restoration projects (10.7%) and design (2.4%). In terms of research matching, although some studies have developed some special indicators and technical methods to promote establishing links between research and practice; but overall, the impacts of ecosystem services research on practice were limited, especially in terms of data, technical methods and indicators. There was a lack of clear relevancy between theory and practical application. The research did exist gaps. Finally, in bridging research and practice, this paper proposed some approaches, such as innovating spatial evaluation techniques that directly matched the practical needs; developing indicators and evaluation methods directly related to people’s welfare (such as health risk, property damage). During the implementation of practical projects, tracking and post-evaluation research should be developed to assess whether the results of ecosystem services studies have been effectively integrated with practical application. By doing so, it is to expand the breadth and depth of research in the field of ecosystem services, help realizing the objectives of ecosystem services, and serve the practical application demands in sustainable development.

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陈春谛.基于文献计量分析的生态系统服务研究:从理论研究到实践应用.生态学报,2022,42(14):6030~6039

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