基于文献计量的中国生态修复研究进展
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深圳市可持续发展科技专项(KCXFZ20201221173601003)


Progress and future direction of ecological restoration research in China
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Shenzhen Science and Technology Program (KCXFZ20201221173601003)

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    摘要:

    生态修复是实现中国生态文明的有效途径。然而,我国生态修复研究发展态势尚不明晰。采用文献计量学,从年发文量、期刊分布、科研机构分布、合作研究及研究重点等方面对其进行系统性的分析。结果表明:我国生态修复研究虽起步较晚,但近年来发展速度迅速。我国相关科研成果全球占比呈指数式增长,但国际影响力有待提高。我国科研人员间已经建立了广泛的合作研究关系,国家间合作模式主要为双边合作,近年来机构间合作呈现出向多边合作发展趋势。我国生态修复研究重点关注"生物多样性"、"生态系统服务"和"生态修复理论与技术"等方面,但对生态修复与社会经济议题的结合研究尚显不足。黄土高原地区、喀斯特地貌区、土壤重金属污染地区以及江河湖泊和湿地是我国生态修复研究的重点。未来需进一步加强多类型生态系统协同修复的内在机理和规律、渐进式生态修复理论在实践中的应用、生态修复与社会经济议题的结合等方面的研究。

    Abstract:

    Ecological and environmental issues are one of the hotspots in the world. Unreasonable human activities are the predominant reason leading to the continuous deterioration of ecosystems. In order to solve the increasingly serious ecological and environmental problems, ecological restoration has gradually been received attention. In China, ecological restoration is an effective measure to solve the ecological degradation problems, and it is also an important work to promote the construction of ecological civilization. It is of vital importance for the national ecological security. It also benefits to promote the sustainable development and the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. Ecological restoration research can provide insights for implementing ecological restoration projects. In recent years, ecological restoration research has been developed rapidly worldwide, especially for China. However, the research trend of ecological restoration in China is still unclear. A systematic analysis of the current status and trends of ecological restoration research in China is necessary for the evaluation of the ecological restoration. It can provide references and suggestions for future related research, meanwhile it is also essential to promote the healthy development of ecological restoration research in China. To systematically evaluate the current status of ecological restoration research in China, this study used the bibliometric analysis approach. The study applied the following evaluation indicators: article outputs, journal distributions, major research institutions, academic collaboration among authors, institutions and countries, as well as the research priority. The results show that the ecological restoration research has grown rapidly since 2012. China’s ecological restoration research has increased exponentially, but its international influence needs to be further strengthened. Our international collaborations have been widely established, and most of them were based on the biliteral cooperation between China and another foreign country. The collaboration from more than two institutions has gradually increased. Regarding the research priority, the studies related to biodiversity, ecosystem services and technologies of ecological restoration were paid more attention. An appropriate theory to effectively guide ecological restoration in China is also needed, e.g., the stepwise ecological restoration theory. Meanwhile, the studies simultaneously considering ecological restoration and socio-economic issues were insufficient. Spatially, the ecological restoration research was mostly implemented over the Loess Plateau, karst landforms, heavy metal polluted areas, rivers, lakes and wetlands. Further efforts are still needed for the studies in future on the biophysical process associated with ecological restoration, the implementation of ecological restoration at a larger spatial scale, the application of stepwise ecological restoration in practice, and the integration of ecological restoration with social and economic issues.

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管英杰,刘俊国,崔文惠,贾金霖.基于文献计量的中国生态修复研究进展.生态学报,2022,42(12):5125~5135

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