干扰对生态系统多功能性的影响研究进展
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国家自然科学基金(32071777,32001324);黑龙江省自然基金优秀青年-联合引导项目(LH2021C012)


Research progress on the effects of disturbance on ecosystem multifunctionality
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    摘要:

    干扰作为生态系统中的一种固有属性,在部分生态系统中已严重影响到了该地区生态系统平衡。生态系统多功能性作为衡量生态系统的一个综合指标,能够同时反映生态系统的整体功能。随着干扰活动的不断变化,干扰对生态系统的影响也受到社会各界广泛关注,针对干扰对生态系统多功能性的研究也在不断增加,但由于对干扰对生态系统多功能性的影响还缺乏系统总结,因此本文从概念进展、量化指标、测度方法、影响因子四个方面论述生态系统多功能性的研究现状,结合干扰对生态系统多功能性的研究,对比分析其研究进展,以期为今后生态系统多功能性的研究提供参考。针对目前森林生态系统多功能性研究存在的问题,今后的相关研究应从以下三点实现突破:(1)生态系统多功能性的应用性研究;(2)评估各生态系统功能之间的相互作用对生态系统多功能性的影响研究;(3)干扰对生态系统多功能性影响的机制性研究。以期为进一步探索干扰对生态系统多功能性的影响机制研究提供借鉴,以推动该领域的发展。

    Abstract:

    As an inherent attribute of ecosystem, disturbance has seriously affected the ecosystem balance in some ecosystems. As a comprehensive index of measuring ecosystem, ecosystem multifunctionality can reflect the overall function of ecosystem at the same time. With the continuous change of disturbance activities, the impact of disturbance on the ecosystem has been widely concerned by the community, and the research on the multifunction of disturbance on ecosystem is also increasing. However, due to the lack of a systematic summary of the impact of disturbance on the multifunctionality of the ecosystem, this article discusses the current status of the research on the multifunctionality of the ecosystem from four aspects: conceptual progress, quantitative indicators, measurement methods, and impact factors. Combined with the research of disturbance on ecosystem versatility, this paper compares and analyzes its research progress, in order to provide reference for the research of ecosystem versatility in the future. In this paper, the following three perspectives are proposed for the study of forest ecosystem multifunctionality in the future: (1) strengthen the application research of ecosystem multifunctionality; (2) strengthen the assessment of the impact of the interaction between ecosystem functions on ecosystem multifunctionality; and (3) strengthen the institutional research on the effects of disturbances on ecosystem multifunctionality. It hopes to provide a reference for further exploration of the research on the influence mechanism of disturbance on the multifunctionality of the ecosystem, so as to promote the development of this field.

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孙龙,岳阳,胡同欣.干扰对生态系统多功能性的影响研究进展.生态学报,2022,42(15):6066~6075

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