南极海洋生物肠道微生物研究进展
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国家自然基金项目(41776185);国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1406801)


Gut microbes of Antarctic marine organism: a review
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the National Science Foundation of China (grant no 41776185), the National Key R D Program of China (grant no 2018YFC1406801)

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    摘要:

    生物的胃肠道微生物数量众多,各种菌群之间互相制约,与宿主共同进化。南大洋作为一个巨大的生物资源库,繁衍生存着大量的生物,其生活环境的多样性及特殊性,使得其胃肠道微生物较为特殊,肠道微生物群落也进化到适应宿主的各种营养生活方式。从不同营养级具有代表性的南极海洋生物出发,以南极磷虾,鱼类,企鹅,海豹为主线,综述这些生物胃肠道微生物的研究概况以及相关研究方法的优势与局限性,以期揭示肠道微生物与宿主的关系,为更加有效开发利用微生物资源提供借鉴。

    Abstract:

    The number of microbes in the stomach and gut of animals is huge, and various microbial communities constrain each other. Those microbes co-evolve with their hosts. The Southern Ocean, as a huge biological resource bank, supports a large number of animals. The diversity and specialty of its living environment make the gut microbes of animals extremely special. The gut microbial community has evolved to adapt to various nutritional life styles of host species. From the perspective of representative Antarctic organisms in different trophic levels, this review summarizes gut microbe composition of those species. The advantages and disadvantages of research approaches related to those studies are also analyzed. This review is expected to reveal the relationship between the gut microbes and their hosts, and further to provide a reference for more effective development and utilization of microbial resources in this region.

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朱国平,王敏.南极海洋生物肠道微生物研究进展.生态学报,2021,41(21):8320~8330

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  • 收稿日期:2020-07-08
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-01
  • 录用日期:2021-04-16
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-07-08
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