鱼类对海洋升温与酸化的生理学响应
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1.上海海洋大学 海洋生物系统与神经科学研究所;2.1.上海海洋大学 海洋生物系统与神经科学研究所,上海 201306 2.上海海洋大学 国家海洋生物科学国际联合研究中心,上海 201306 3.上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室,上海 201306

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基金项目:

国家重点研发计划,2018YFD0900902;国家青年科学基金,41306097


Physiological Response of Fish to Ocean Warming and Acidification
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Affiliation:

1. Institute for Marine Biosystem and Neurosciences Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China 2. International Research Center for Marine Biosciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China 3. Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China

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    摘要:

    自工业革命以来,空气中人为排放 CO2量增加,引起温室效应,导致地球表面温度升高和海水升温;同时,由于海-气界面气体交换,大气中CO2部分溶解于海洋,引起海洋酸化。海洋升温加快鱼体内生化反应和代谢速率,并通过影响生长、觅食和繁殖等生命过程中能量供给,间接影响到鱼类种群分布、群落结构及生态系统的功能。而海水酸化会干扰海洋鱼类仔稚鱼的感觉和行为,增加其被捕食率,并削弱其野外生存能力,可能威胁自然种群补给量。本文综述了海洋升温、海洋酸化及其两者共同作用对海洋鱼类的影响,为预测鱼类响应全球海洋环境变化的响应趋势提供相关依据。

    Abstract:

    Since the Industrial Revolution, the increase of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions has led to the greenhouse effect and the rise of the surface temperature on the earth and in the ocean. At the same time, ocean is absorbing more CO2 that causes ocean acidification. Ocean warming accelerates the biochemical reaction and metabolic rate of fish and indirectly influences the distribution of fish population, community structure and ecosystem function by affecting the energy supply in the life process such as growth, foraging and reproduction. Ocean acidification may impact the sensory and behavior of marine fish, increase their predation rate, and weaken their ability to survive, which will threaten the supply of natural population. The effects of ocean acidification and warming on fish have complex interactions such as synergistic accumulation and antagonism. In this paper, the impact of ocean warming, acidification and their combined effects on marine fish are introduced successively, which maybe provide relevant basis for predicting the variation trend of fish in response to climate change.

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王晓杰,谢金玲,袁一鑫.鱼类对海洋升温与酸化的生理学响应.生态学报,,(). http://dx. doi. org/10.5846/stxb202006081486

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历史
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-08
  • 最后修改日期:2021-08-09
  • 录用日期:2021-06-02
  • 在线发布日期: 2021-09-09
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