《生态学基础》:对生态学从传统向现代的推进——纪念E.P.奥德姆诞辰100周年
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内蒙古大学哲学学院,内蒙古大学公共管理学院

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国家社会科学基金项目(11BZX029);内蒙古大学生态哲学创新团队项目(121106-22)


Fundamentals of Ecology:promoting ecology from tradition to modern:To Commemorate The 100th Anniversary of E. P. Odum’s Birthday
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school of philosophy, inner mongolia university.,

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    摘要:

    2013年是“现代生态学之父”美国生态学家奥德姆诞辰100周年。奥德姆的《生态学基础》一书对生态学从传统向现代转换具有积极的推进作用,主要表现在:提升了生态科学的量化水平,促成了生态系统生态学体系的诞生;倡导了生态学与经济学等社会科学的融合,丰富了生态经济学与生态系统服务功能研究;延展了生态学的应用尺度,为社会的生产变革和绿色运动提供了指导。奥德姆的生态学理论中诸如以能量分析为主导的生态系统分析方法还有待完善、生态系统方面较少考虑进化维度,衡量能量质量高低的能值方法的科学性有改善的空间等,但这都无碍他成为世界上最杰出的生态学家之一。

    Abstract:

    The year of 2013 is the 100th anniversary of E. P. Odum's birthday, who is the father of modern ecology. Odum's Fundamentals of Ecology has a positive effect to push ecology from tradition to modern, which mainly displays in the following aspects. It greatly improved the quantification level of ecological science and created the framework of ecosystem ecology. It advocated the mutual penetration of ecology and social sciences, and enriched the connotation of the ecological economics and ecosystem services research. It extended the research scale of ecology and offered a guid for the change of production and green movement in our society. Certainly, there are limitations and rooms for improvement, in his ecology theory such as the holistic analysis method, the evolution dimension in his ecosystem theory, and the emergy concept for energy quality. Despite these, he is definitely one of the world's most prominent ecologists.

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包庆德,张秀芬.《生态学基础》:对生态学从传统向现代的推进——纪念E. P.奥德姆诞辰100周年.生态学报,2013,33(24):7623~7629

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