铁炉渣施加对稻田甲烷产生、氧化与排放的影响
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福建师范大学地理研究所,福建师范大学亚热带湿地研究中心,福建师范大学地理研究所,福建师范大学亚热带湿地研究中心,福建师范大学地理研究所

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国家自然科学基金资助项目(31000209);福建省公益类研究所专项 (2011R1037-5);福建师范大学优秀青年骨干教师培养基金(fjsdky2012007)


Effect of iron slag adding on methane production, oxidation and emission in paddy fields
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Institute of Geography,Fujian Normal University,Research Center of Wetlands in Subtropical Region,Fujian Normal University,Institute of Geography,Fujian Normal University,Research Center of Wetlands in Subtropical Region,Fujian Normal University,Institute of Geography,Fujian Normal University

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    摘要:

    为了阐明铁炉渣施加对稻田甲烷产生、氧化与排放的影响,采用静态箱-气相色谱法对对照(CK)、2 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅰ)、4 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅱ)和8 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅲ)铁炉渣施加后稻田甲烷产生、氧化与排放进行了测定与分析。研究结果表明:观测期内,CK、Fe Ⅰ、Fe Ⅱ和Fe Ⅲ样地甲烷产生量分别为0.06-8.87、0.12-8.28、0.15-7.84、0.17-7.82 mg·m-2·h-1,平均产生量分别为4.68、3.92、3.14、2.76 mg·m-2·h-1;甲烷氧化量分别是0.02-1.27、0.09-0.95、0.09-1.54、0.09-2.79 mg·m-2·h-1,平均氧化量为0.46、0.47、0.59、0.55 mg·m-2·h-1;甲烷排放分别是0.04-7.99、0.03-7.33、0.06-6.30、 0.08-5.12 mg·m-2·h-1,平均值分别为3.11、2.29、1.76、1.59 mg·m-2·h-1。铁炉渣的施加降低了甲烷产生量和排放通量,提高了甲烷氧化量。

    Abstract:

    Methane emission from biogenic sources is very important for the global CH4 budget. Paddy fields have been identified as one of the major sources of anthropogenic CH4 emissions to the atmosphere. Rice is the major cereal crop to feed more than half of the world's population, and the production of rice will increase with the expanding world population and may increase the associated CH4 emissions and thereby accelerate global warming effects. Therefore, feasible soil management strategies need to be developed for reducing CH4 emission from intensive rice farming while sustaining rice productivity.
    Among the various factors, the content of soil oxidants (electron acceptors) and reductants (electron donors) play vital role in controlling CH4 emissions from wetland rice agriculture. While electron acceptors can control CH4 emission from paddy fields, it can be regenerated during the drained period. For example, Iron reduction is a dominant redox process within the redox sequence of anaerobic systems, and may suppress CH4 production and its emission.
    A field experiment was carried out in the Wufeng Agronomy Field of the Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences (26.1°N, 119.3°E), Southeast China during the rice growing season in April to July 2011. The soil at the experimental site was moist, poorly drained, clay loam, paddy field soil type. Bulk density of the soil before experimentation was 1.1 g cm-3, and other chemical properties were: pH 6.5, organic carbon 18.1 g/kg, total N 1.2 g/kg, total P 1.1 g/kg.
    In order to clarify the effect of iron slag amendment on paddy field methane production, oxidation and emission, the methane production, oxidation and emission of control (CK) and after 2 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅰ), 4 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅱ), and 8 Mg/hm2(Fe Ⅲ) iron slag application were determined by static chamber-gas chromatogram. The results showed: Methane production rates of CK, Fe Ⅰ, Fe Ⅱ and Fe Ⅲ plot were 0.06-8.87, 0.12-8.28, 0.15-7.84, 0.17-7.82 mg·m-2· h-1 during observation date and averaged values were 4.68, 3.92, 3.14, 2.76 mg·m-2·h-1,respectively. Methane oxidation rates were 0.02-1.27, 0.09-0.95, 0.09-1.54, 0.09-2.79 mg·m-2·h-1 and averaged values were 0.46, 0.47, 0.59, 0.55 mg·m-2·h-1, respectively. Methane emission fluxes were 0.04-7.99, 0.03-7.33, 0.06-6.30, 0.08-5.12 mg·m-2·h-1 and averaged values were 3.11, 2.29, 1.76, 1.59 mg·m-2·h-1, respectively. Iron slag suppressed methane production and emission, while it increased CH4 oxidation rate.

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王维奇,李鹏飞,曾从盛,王纯,林芳.铁炉渣施加对稻田甲烷产生、氧化与排放的影响.生态学报,2013,33(5):1578~1583

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