长江口及邻近海域富营养化指标响应变量参照状态的确定
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中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室,中国环境科学研究院,中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室,中国环境科学研究院,中国环境科学研究院

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环保公益性行业科研专项(2008467041);水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07209-008)


The reference condition for Eutrophication Indictor in the Yangtze River Estuary and adjacent waters——response variables
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State Key Laboratory of Environmental Crieria and Risk Assessment,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,State Key Laboratory of Environmental Crieria and Risk Assessment,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences,Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences

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    摘要:

    对长江口富营养化指标中的响应变量进行了筛选,并在长江口分区的基础上,运用参照点或观测点指标频数分布曲线法,对1992年-2010年的数据进行分析,确定了长江口外海区和舟山海区富营养化指标中响应变量的参照状态.选择叶绿素a和底层溶解氧作为响应指标的必选指标,浮游植物密度和CODMn作为辅助指标.经分析,长江口口外海区叶绿素a、浮游植物密度、CODMn和底层溶解氧的春夏秋3个季节的参照状态分别为0.87mg/m3,17.44×103个/L,0.42mg/L,8.36mg/L;1.88mg/m3,25.96×103个/L,0.56mg/L,4.22mg/L;0.84mg/m3,12.10×103个/L,0.46mg/L,6.95mg/L;舟山海区叶绿素a、浮游植物密度、CODMn和溶解氧的春夏秋3个季节的参照状态分别为0.73mg/m3,6.77×103个/L,0.51mg/L,8.75mg/L;1.00mg/m3,9.72×103个/L,0.37mg/L,5.94mg/L;0.78mg/m3,4.59×103个/L,0.55mg/L,7.40mg/L.本研究确定的参照状态值能较为客观的反映该海域的富营养化参照状态,且不同分区,不同季节间的指标的参照状态亦存在着显著的差异.

    Abstract:

    The selection of eutrophication indicator and determination of its reference condition is a key process for nutrient establishment in coastal and estuarine. In this paper, the response variables of eutrophication indictors in the Yangtze River estuary were primarily selected. And then, the Yangtze River estuary and adjacent waters was divided into four sub-areas as follows: transitional zone, Outside Yangtze River Estuary, Hangzhou Bay and Zhoushan sea based on the natural and geographical characteristics of the Yangtze River estuary. Furthermore, the "frequency distribution curve" method was used to determine the reference conditions of response variables in the coastal zone outside of the Yangtze River estuary and Zhoushan Archipelago based on the analysis of the data collected from the Yangtze River estuary and adjacent waters during 2009 to 2010. The "frequency distribution curve" method was carried out by SPSS 13.0, and the upper 75th percentile was used as a starting point, the lower 25th percentile was also suggested. What to be paid attention was that as the phytoplankton was difficult to breed in transitional zone and Hangzhou Bay because of the lower transparency and higher turbidity, the two sub-areas would not be considered to determine the reference condition.
    In the present study, chlorophyll-a (chl-a) and bottom dissolved oxygen (DO) were chosen as the basic indicators, while, phytoplankton density and permanganate index (CODMn) were chosen as the auxiliary indicators. The reference condition values which can be referred as the nutrient criteria values were listed in the order generally as follows. In Outside Yangtze River Estuary, the chl-a reference condition values were 0.87mg/m3 in spring, 1.88mg/m3 in summer, 0.84mg/m3 in autumn; the phytoplankton density reference condition values were 17.44×103cells/L in spring, 25.96×103cells/L in summer, 12.10×103cells/L in autumn; the CODMn reference condition values were 0.42mg/L in spring, 0.56mg/L in summer, 0.46mg/L in autumn, the bottom DO reference condition values were 8.36mg/L in spring, 4.22mg/L in summer, 6.95mg/L in autumn. In Zhoushan sea, the chl-a reference condition values were 0.73mg/m3 in spring, 1.00mg/m3 in summer, 0.78mg/m3 in autumn; the phytoplankton density reference condition values were 6.77×103cells/L in spring, 9.72×103cells/L in summer, 4.59×103cells/L in autumn; the CODMn reference condition values were 0.51mg/L in spring, 0.37mg/L in summer, 0.55mg/L in autumn; the bottom DO reference condition values were 8.75mg/L in spring, 5.94mg/L in summer, 7.40mg/L in autumn. Compared with the relevant studies about chl-a in the same study area in 1980s, the reference condition values determined in this paper were close to the average chl-a concentration in 1980s. Accordingly, the reference condition values could reflect the nutrient conditions of the Yangtze estuary and adjacent waters.
    The results showed that there were distinct differences among different sub-areas, and different seasons. Therefore, it is very necessary to develop suitable management measures for different sub-areas and different seasons in the Yangtze River estuary and adjacent waters. Establishing the reference condition is one necessary element of the criteria development process. Reference condition values were appropriately modified on the basis of the examination of the historical records, expert judgment, as well as consideration of downstream effects.

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郑丙辉,朱延忠,刘录三,周娟,林岿璇.长江口及邻近海域富营养化指标响应变量参照状态的确定.生态学报,2013,33(9):2768~2779

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