首页关于本刊影响因子及获奖投稿须知订阅及广告专辑与专题学术会议绿色发表通道优秀论文 
邓越,蒋卫国,王文杰,吕金霞,陈坤.城市扩张导致京津冀区域生境质量下降.生态学报,2018,38(12):4516~4525 本文二维码信息
二维码(扫一下试试看!)
城市扩张导致京津冀区域生境质量下降
Urban expansion led to the degradation of habitat quality in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Area
投稿时间:2017-12-06  修订日期:2018-04-08
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201712062200
关键词生境质量  景观格局  InVEST模型  京津冀
Key Wordshabitat quality  landscape pattern  InVEST model  the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Area
基金项目国家重点研发计划资助(2016YFC0503002);国家自然科学基金项目(41571077);北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室开放课题(2017KF08)
作者单位E-mail
邓越 北京师范大学地理科学学部, 环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875
北京师范大学地理科学学部, 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100875 
 
蒋卫国 北京师范大学地理科学学部, 环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875
北京师范大学地理科学学部, 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100875 
 
王文杰 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012 wangwj@craes.org.cn 
吕金霞 北京师范大学地理科学学部, 环境遥感与数字城市北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875
北京师范大学地理科学学部, 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100875 
 
陈坤 中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012  
摘要点击次数 71
全文下载次数 32
摘要:
城镇化发展极大地改变了区域生境分布格局和功能,从而影响区域生态安全。因此,开展生境质量的评估,对于城市生态安全保障具有重要作用。基于InVEST生境质量模型,评估了京津冀区域2005-2015年生境质量时空变化格局。研究结论如下:1)2005-2015年,京津冀生境面积减少7134.2 km2,占2005年生境面积的3.7%。耕地、草地和水域生境面积分别减少5081.0、1695.1、421.6 km2,占对应类型生境面积的4.7%,4.9%和7.2%。2)京津冀生境质量从0.88降至0.83,下降幅度达5.69%。其中,耕地生境质量下降最为严重,其次为水域生境质量。3)生境质量下降区域主要沿北京-保定-石家庄-邢台-邯郸等经济发展迅速的区域分布,表现为城市扩张侵占原有生境。4)京津冀高生境质量斑块破碎度增加,低生境质量斑块集聚度增加。整体上看,京津冀区域生境斑块破碎度增加。
Abstract:
The habitat diversity is widely recognized to contribute to human wellbeing by ensuring ecosystem functionality and resilience. However, over the past several years, human activities, especially urban expansion, changed the spatial pattern and ecological function of habitats, thus affecting the regional ecological security and human wellbeing. The Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, as one of the important cores of China's economic development, has undergone rapid urbanization and intensive land-use change, exerting enormous external pressure on the regional habitat quality. Therefore, the assessment of habitat quality plays an important role in urban ecological security for the region. First, this study evaluated the loss of habitat area based on land use data from 2005 and 2015. Then, the research assessed the spatial-temporal changes in habitat quality based on the InVEST habitat quality model. Finally, we used landscape indexes to analyze the spatial-temporal changes in the landscape pattern of habitat patches. The main conclusions of the study are as follows: 1) From 2005 to 2015, the habitat area decreased by 7134.2 km2, accounting for 3.7% of that in 2005. The area of cropland, grass, and water decreased by 5081.0 km2, 1695.1 km2, and 421.6 km2, accounting for 4.7%, 4.9%, and 7.2% of the corresponding habitat type, respectively. 2) From 2005 to 2015, habitat quality decreased from 0.88 to 0.83. The habitat quality of cropland decreased the most, followed by water. 3) The declining habitat quality is mainly located along the Beijing-Baoding-Shijiazhuang-Xingtai-Handan axis, which experienced fast economic development and urban expansion. 4) The habitat patches with high-quality habitat tended to be more fragmented, whereas the habitat patches with low-quality habitat tended to be more concentrated. In general, the fragmentation of the habitat patches increased. Rapid urban expansion in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region occupied a large number of habitats. On the one hand, it resulted in the reduction of habitat area. On the other hand, it also led to the decline of habitat quality and the fragmentation of habitat patches. These adverse effects had a negative impact on biodiversity conservation and urban ecological security. Future regional development plans should take the maintenance of habitat quality into consideration.
HTML 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

您是本站第 72171743 位访问者

Copyright © 2005-2019   京ICP备06018880号
地址:北京海淀区双清路18号
  邮编:100085    电话:010-62941099
  E-mail : shengtaixuebao@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司提供技术支持