首页关于本刊影响因子及获奖投稿须知订阅及广告专辑与专题学术会议绿色发表通道优秀论文 
胡健波,张健.无人机遥感在生态学中的应用进展.生态学报,2018,38(1):20~30 本文二维码信息
二维码(扫一下试试看!)
无人机遥感在生态学中的应用进展
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle remote sensing in ecology: Advances and prospects
投稿时间:2016-12-09  
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201612092538
关键词无人机遥感  近地面遥感  生物多样性监测  保护生物学  空间生态学
Key WordsUAV-based remote sensing  near-surface remote sensing  biodiversity monitoring  conservation biology  spatial ecology
基金项目国家自然科学基金面上项目(31670439);中组部千人计划青年人才项目
作者单位E-mail
胡健波 交通运输部天津水运工程科学研究所, 天津 300456  
张健 华东师范大学生态与环境科学学院, 上海 200241 jzhang@des.ecnu.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数 636
全文下载次数 283
摘要:
无人机与遥感技术的结合,即无人机遥感。与传统的以卫星和有人机遥感相比,无人机遥感具有高时效、高时空分辨率、云下低空飞行、高机动性等优势,是传统卫星和有人机遥感手段所无法比拟的。这些优点使得无人机在生态学和保护生物学等领域获得迅速发展。首先对无人机遥感技术的发展历程、系统组成、分类与选型、应用优势等进行了介绍。在此基础上,对无人机在生态学中的应用案例进行了总结,内容涉及生境监测、植物物候调查、动物监测等方面。最后通过比较国内外相关领域的研究进展对无人机生态学存在的问题(技术门槛较高和法律法规不完善等)和潜在应用前景进行了探讨。
Abstract:
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV or drone) equipped with sensors have been recently emerging as a new platform for remote sensing. Compared with satellite and airborne remote sensing techniques, drones can fly at low altitudes and at slow speeds, allowing them to take ultra-high spatial resolution imagery as frequently as needed. Owing to the above advantages, drones have been rapidly applied in ecology and conservation biology. In this review, we first briefly introduced the history of drone technology, the composition and classification of the drone platform, and its advantages in different research fields. Then, we provided an overall review of recent progress in drone ecology, and other research fields, such as habitat monitoring, plant phenology surveys, and animal monitoring. Finally, after analyzing the current status of this emerging field, we discussed the limitations of drone imagery analysis and regulations, and potential application prospects.
HTML 查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器

您是本站第 72163603 位访问者

Copyright © 2005-2019   京ICP备06018880号
地址:北京海淀区双清路18号
  邮编:100085    电话:010-62941099
  E-mail : shengtaixuebao@rcees.ac.cn
本系统由北京勤云科技发展有限公司提供技术支持