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沈满洪,毛狄.海洋生态系统服务价值评估研究综述.生态学报,2019,(6).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201804120831  
海洋生态系统服务价值评估研究综述
Review of the evaluation of marine ecosystem services value
投稿时间:2018-04-12  修订日期:2018-10-20
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201804120831
关键词海洋生态系统  生态系统服务  价值评估  文献综述
Key Wordsmarine ecosystem  ecosystem service  value evaluation  literature review
基金项目国家社科基金重大招标项目“海洋生态损害补偿制度及公共治理机制研究——以中国东海为例”(项目批准号:16ZDA050)
作者单位E-mail
沈满洪 浙江大学经济学院 smhsmh@zju.edu.cn 
毛狄 浙江大学经济学院 maodi@zju.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数 115
全文下载次数 18
摘要:
海洋生态系统服务是通过海洋生态系统的功能结构和生态过程,以物品和服务等方式直接或间接地给人类提供的效益。海洋生态系统服务价值衡量了海洋生态系统对人类经济社会的贡献度,加快海洋强国建设,急需加强海洋生态系统服务价值评价。通过对市场价值法、替代市场法和假想市场法三大类海洋生态系统服务价值评估方法进行比较分析后可知,各类方法各有利弊,但是,存在不同方法耦合和方法优化选择的空间。通过海岸带、近海、远洋等典型海洋生态系统服务价值评估的研究案例展现了海洋生态系统服务价值评估在海洋资源开发与保护的政策选择、海洋生态补偿与环境损害赔偿的价格决定中的重要作用。海洋生态系统服务价值评估研究前景广阔,在内涵认知深入化、评估方法科学化、评估指标体系化、结果应用广泛化等方面仍有进一步拓展空间。
Abstract:
Marine ecosystems provide benefits to human beings directly and indirectly, through the goods and services provided by their functional structures and ecological processes. Value for marine ecosystem services measure the contribution of marine ecosystems to human society and economies. To help protect the ocean and obtain benefits from it, evaluation methods of marine ecosystem services need to be improved. We compared the three main marine ecosystem service valuation methods: market value method, surrogate market method, and simulated market method, and found that each method has pros and cons. However, the possibility exists to combine and optimize the different methods. Typical marine ecosystem valuation case studies, such as those conducted in coastal sites, offshore sites, and ocean sites, reveal the crucial role of this research in policy choices for ocean resource development and protection, and price determination for marine ecosystem compensation and environmental damage penalties. In future studies, the connotation cognition and value of marine ecosystem services need to be analyzed more deeply; the evaluation methods for marine ecosystem service value need to be more dynamic, scientific, and predictive; the evaluation criteria for marine ecosystem service value should be constantly systematized and data collected; and the results of marine ecosystem services evaluations should be more closely tied to decision making and planning in marine-based economies.
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