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吴燕锋,章光新.湿地生态水文模型研究综述?.生态学报,2018,(7).http://dx.doi.org/10.5846/stxb201705090854  
湿地生态水文模型研究综述?
Review of development, frontiers and prospects of wetlands eco-hydrological models
投稿时间:2017-05-09  修订日期:2017-11-09
DOI: 10.5846/stxb201705090854
关键词湿地  生态水文格局  生态水文过程  生态水文模型  生态水文调控
Key Wordswetlands  eco-hydrological patterns  eco-hydrological processes  eco-hydrological models  eco-hydrological regulation
基金项目国家重点研发计划(2017YFC0406003);国家自然科学基金(41371108);中国科学院地学部“中国生态水文学学科发展战略”咨询项目 (2017DXA)
作者单位E-mail
吴燕锋 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 478845647@qq.com 
章光新 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 zhgx@iga.ac.cn 
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摘要:
变化环境下湿地生态水文格局及过程发生了深刻变化,已对流域、区域乃至我国水安全和生态安全构成威胁。湿地生态水文模型是揭示湿地生态格局与生态过程的水文学机制的有效工具和重要手段。首先介绍了湿地生态水文模型的概念、内涵、构建方法及分类,然后回顾了湿地生态水文模型的国内外发展历程,并着重论述了目前湿地生态水文模型研究应用的重点领域:湿地生态水文调控与生态补水、流域湿地生态恢复重建与水资源综合管控和气候变化下湿地生态水文变化评估与应对策略。最后,针对目前研究中存在的问题及薄弱环节,提出未来研究的发展趋势和亟需加强研究的重点方向。
Abstract:
The variability of eco-hydrological conditions caused by climate change and human activities has exerted a significant detrimental influence on water and ecological security in watersheds at regional and national scales. The eco-hydrological model is an important and efficient tool for revealing interactive mechanisms between ecological processes and hydrological processes. This paper first reviews the concepts, connotations, construction methodologies, and classification systems, as well as domestic and international development trends of eco-hydrological models, then focuses on the key fields revealed in the studies: ecological regulation and water resources management in wetlands, wetlands restoration and conservation, and adaptive water resources management at watershed scale, as well as evaluation of eco-hydrological variability under the condition of climate change and the corresponding mitigation measures. Considering the identified problems and weakness in previous studies, we proposed the development trends for future research and the key problems to be solved urgently in wetland eco-hydrological models.
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